(direct copy from documentary subtitles in english)
An 1872 painting called "American Progress" shows
a white woman floating across the plains of the American West.
White settlers follow her as Indians and wild animals flee.
On her forehead she wears the star of empire.
In her right hand she carries a school book.
As America moves west, thousands of Native American children
are forcibly taken from their families and sent to government-run boarding schools.
The overt goal is to destroy their way of life.
"To civilize the Indians… immerse them in our civilization,
and when we get them under...hold them there until they are thoroughly soaked."
– General Richard Pratt, founder of the Carlisle Indian School
"Let all that is Indian within you die."
– Carlisle Indian School commencement speech
In India, the British are also schooling a nation.
"We must at present do our best to form…
a class of persons, Indian in blood and color...
...but English in taste, in opinions, in morals, in intellect."
– Lord Macaulay's 'Minute on Indian Education'
Next to be educated are the Cubans
and the Filipinos.
The U.S. Army invades the Philippines.
Over 500,000 civilians are killed.
An army of schoolteachers is sent
to educate the survivors.
A cartoon from the period shows a white man
carrying a dark-skinned figure to a school house.
It is captioned,
"The White Man's Burden"
HELENA NORBERG-HODGE: "Today, western schooling is responsible for introducing a human monoculture across the entire world."
Today, western schooling is responsible for introducing
a human monoculture across the entire world.
Essentially the same curriculum is being taught,
and it's training people for jobs – very scarce jobs –
but for jobs in an urban consumer culture.
The diversity of cultures, as well as the diversity
of unique human individuals is being destroyed in this way.